The Ahd-Namaha, Covenants of Faith, were charters granted at various times by the Prophet Muhamad, his son-in-law the Imam Ali and the early Caliphs to the People of the Faith, The Zoroastrians, the Jews and the Christians in early Islamic times. In general, these covenants guarantee protection of person, property, freedom of worship and exemption from military service upon payment of the poll tax, or Jazia.

This is a work of meticulous scholarship written with objectivity and clarity in a very readable style. Mithoo Coolawalla, who was educated in Hyderabad and latter at the Universities of Bombay and Cambridge, provides a number of research sources and supplemental information notes.